Operation Performance and Working Principle of Coating Machine

August 8, 2023

Latest company news about Operation Performance and Working Principle of Coating Machine
  A coating machine is a vital tool used in the production process of various materials such as film and paper. Its primary function is to apply a specific layer of glue, paint, or ink onto a rolled substrate, which is then rewound after drying. This article will provide insights into the working principle and operation performance of a coating machine.
Working Principle:
  The working principle of a coating machine varies depending on the model and manufacturer. However, the fundamental concept remains the same. The machine consists of a coating tank and mechanical or pneumatic components that control the angle and pressure of the coating tank. The coating mechanism is mounted on the vertical support arm of the machine and moves up and down.
  To begin the coating process, a clean stretched screen is loaded onto the machine either from the front or the side, depending on the machine design. Once the screen is in position, a pneumatic or mechanical clamping device closes and locks the screen securely. Some models even have foot pedals for convenient plate clamp control.
  Next, the corresponding photosensitive emulsion is poured into the machine, and the coating process starts. The transmission mechanism, connected to a servo or frequency conversion motor, allows the coating mechanism to move smoothly and precisely along the surface of the wire mesh. Depending on the control system and equipment functions, the machine can coat both sides of the wire mesh simultaneously.
Coating Technologies:
1. Micro Gravure Coating Technology:
  Micro gravure coating is a directional, contact coating method. It utilizes a micro-coating roller with a diameter ranging between Φ20mm and Φ50mm. Unlike traditional gravure coating methods, micro gravure coating eliminates the use of back-pressure rubber rolls and anilox rolls. This reduces the chances of defects such as wrinkles and cracks on the coated surface. Micro gravure coating allows for the application of a thin coating on thin materials and provides a relatively flat and smooth surface.
2.Other Coating Technologies:
  In addition to micro gravure coating, there are several other coating technologies employed in coating machines, such as slot die coating, reverse roll coating, and Mayer rod coating. Each technology offers unique advantages and is suitable for specific coating requirements, including precision coating, uniformity, and control over coating thickness.
  A coating machine plays a vital role in the production of various materials by applying a specific layer of glue, paint, or ink onto a rolled substrate. Understanding the working principle and different coating technologies empowers manufacturers to choose the most suitable machine for their specific production needs, ensuring efficient and high-quality coating processes.